Beijing, China's capital and cultural center. Here are the most famous attractions in China, and if you have never been to China before, Beijing is a must as the first city to visit.
We also introduce other cities, such as Shanghai and Hong Kong.
Hong Kong does not have that many attractions in the same style as for example Beijing. In Hong Kong, people generally go to do some shopping or just experience a very big city. Still, there are some places that may be worth a visit in addition to all the shopping.
The Bund is probably Shanghai’s most famous tourist attraction. The Bund is only a piece of street along the western shore of Huangpu river. The houses located along the Bund are of European new classic style and it doesn’t look like China, maybe with the exception of the colorful lights that decorate the buildings at night.
In Hong Kong they have all kinds of food, and you can probably find food from all corners of the world here. It is not cheap compared to mainland China, but it is still quite cheap. You can easily eat outside for every meal without being ruined.
The subway is called metro or MTR in Hong Kong, it actually works really well and the trains run frequent, about one per two minutes during daytime. The price depends on where you are going and range from under HK $4 to HK $26.
The Great Wall of China was built in the year 200 BC by the first emperor of China, Shi Huangdi. He built it to protect himself from enemies. The wall was reinforced during the Ming dynasty, between the years 1400-1600 and was in all about 6000 km long.
The Forbidden City was the emperors’ palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The area within the walls is 7.7 million square feet and there are 800 buildings with a total of 8000 rooms. The Forbidden City is the world’s largest collection of preserved ancient buildings and is on UNESCO World Heritage List.
Summer Palace Summer Palace was originally built in the Jin dynasty, and later it developed into a luxurious park where the imperial families could spend their summers. The Summer Palace is a little higher than the Beijing city so the temperature is slightly lower during the summer.
The Chinese use the same calendar as us and most of the world (the Gregorian calendar), but it is mostly because of practical reasons. However, almost all holidays follow the old traditional lunar calendar. Therefore, New Year occurs on different dates each year, between late January and February.
Shopping in Beijing is mostly great fun because prices are so low. However, you need to sharpen your ability to bargain to avoid paying too much. There are many places to shop in Beijing and I list a few below, the biggest and most popular shopping place.
Tiananmen Square is a large square in the middle of Beijing, which received its name from Tiananmen gate at the northern end of the square. The square has a great cultural significance in China where it has been the site of many historic events, including founding the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.
The underground city is located 45 miles north of Beijing city and had a militarily important strategic location during the war. During the Japanese invasion of China in 1938, the villagers built an underground system of tunnels to escape the Japanese who killed and burned everything in their path.